FIR filtering is a powerful and advanced feature . It allows construction of complex arbitrary equalization and crossover filters with independent control of amplitude and phase.
FIR filtering overview¶
FIR ("finite impulse response") filtering differs from the IIR ("infinite impulse response") filters used in the PEQ and crossover blocks. Technically speaking, IIR filters are recursive, meaning that each output value is partially calculated from earlier output values as well as from input values. While an IIR filter requires only a fairly small of values to be specified, an FIR filter is specified by a large array of numbers.
FIR filtering allows very complex filters to be constructed, with the aid of suitable design software. These filters can correct for amplitude only ("linear phase filters"), phase only, or a combination or both.
These numbers are conventionally referred to as "taps." The miniDSP Flex can compute a total of 4096 taps.
The FIR filter pane¶
Each output channel has an FIR filter bank with a variable number of taps. Click on the FIR button to open the FIR filter settings window:
Enabling and disabling the filter¶
The FIR filter blocks are disabled by default. To enable an FIR filter block, click on the Enable FIR switch.
When the FIR filter is enabled, the graph is a solid colored line. When disabled, the graph is a dashed grey line.
Taps are allocated to each block according to the number of loaded taps. The miniDSP Flex can compute a total of 4096 taps. These can be distributed as you wish across the four output channels, with the limitation that each channel must have 6 or more taps and can have no more than 2048 taps.
The decision on how many taps to allocate to each channel is up to you and should be determined after working with an FIR filter design program.
In File Mode, a filter coefficient file generated by an FIR filter design program is loaded. The coefficient file must use IEEE 754 single-precision binary floating-point format.
To load coefficients, click Browse, navigate to the file containing the filter coefficients, and open it. The first few coefficients will be displayed and the buttons will change:
The displayed graph will also change to reflect the response of the loaded file.
To accept the loaded filter, click APPLY.
To cancel the operation, click UNLOAD FIR.
In Manual Mode, the FIR filter coefficients are pasted directly into the entry box in plain text, as shown below.
The pasted coefficients must be plain text in this format:
b0 = 1 b1 = -1 b2 = 0.5 b3 = -0.5 b4 = 0.2 b5 = 1
To set coeffients:
Cut and paste the coefficients from the text output of the design program.
Press the PROCESS INPUTS button.
Confirm that the frequency response graph is as you expect.
Press APPLY. This will write the coefficients into the processor's memory.
To clear the filter coefficients, click CLEAR TAPS and then APPLY.
Jumping between channels¶
To jump quickly between the FIR filter window of different channels, enable the Menu switch at the top right. Jump to a different channel by clicking on the channel buttons:
FIR filter design software¶
The filter coefficients must be created with the aid of filter design software. miniDSP does not provide any such software, instead referring you to the many software packages available for this purpose (both freeware and commercial). Please see the FIR filter tools page on our website. The design program must be set for a 96 kHz sample rate.
If, after selecting a filter file or setting coefficients, the frequency response graph does not change as expected, make sure that the Enable FIR switch is turned on.
If you zero all* filter taps, make sure that you also disable the the filter, otherwise there will be no audio through that channel.